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April 29 2019

#EterTICs v10.0 #Kuntur con kernel #linux-libre 5.0.10-gnu GRACIAS ...

#EterTICs v10.0 #Kuntur con kernel #linux-libre 5.0.10-gnu GRACIAS lxoliva@pod.libreplanetbr.org por el trabajo enorme en mantener linux-libre

April 06 2019

Actualización... Así va quedando lo que será #EterTICs v10.0 de nom...

Actualización...
Así va quedando lo que será #EterTICs v10.0 de nombre clave #Kuntur (Cóndor en Quechua)

EterTICs GNU/Linux v10.0 "Kuntur"

Sistema Operativo: GNU
Kernel: Linux oficial del pryecto Devuan 4.9.0-8-amd64
Distro base: Devuan 2.0 ASCII
Ramas de instalación: main
Arquitectura: amd64
Escritorio: MATE 1.20

Diferencias con Devuan GNU/Linux
→ Se cambia el gestor de logueo predeterminado de SLim a LightDM
→ Se cambia el gestor de redes predeterminado de wicd a network-manager
→ Se cambia el escritorio predeterminado Xfce4 por MATE en su versión 1.20
→ Se usa y configurar xfce4-panel como lanzador de aplicaciones, teniendo 2 paneles. Uno abajo SIEMPRE VISIBLE (ocultación inteligente) con las aplicaciones de usa Radial mas frecuentes y el segundo panel, sobre el costado izquierdo (OCULTO hasta posicionarse sobre él) con aplicaciones ofimáticas y de internet mas usuales.

Como siempre la idea que motiva el desarrollo de ésta distribución es la de ayudar, en primera instancia, pero no de forma excluyente, a las #RadiosComunitarias que "decidan" migrar o adoptar el Software Libre con TODO lo que ésto implica, siempre recomendamos que ésta decisión no se tome a la ligera pensando que es sólo un cambio de "programas informáticos", o que se van a librar de "virus" o pensando desde lo económico, que no van a "pagar nada" por usar, porque muchas veces estos pensamientos son completamente incorrectos... esta decisión, creemos debe venir después de un profundo análisis y entendimiento de que significa adoptar "tecnologías libres y así generar comunicación libre".

Nuestra ayuda como colectivo desde la comunidad #LiberaTuRadio llega en forma de una distribución GNU/Linux a través de EterTICs, es decir:

"...un conjunto de programas informáticos seleccionados para solventar una problemática puntual, en nuestro caso la instalación y configuración que permitan sacar una radio sea por eter o por internet de forma fácil y rápida, todo ésto sobre un Sistema Operativo GNU con núcleo (o kernel) Linux..."

EterTICs v10.0 es, como viene siendo desde la versión 8.x del 2016, una "personalización" de la distribución madre #Devuan GNU/Linux (https://devuan.org/) versión estable. EterTICs está pensado para funcionar principalmente en las PC's de aire de las radios y estar sometidas a un trabajo duro, muchas veces de 24x7x365 como un pequeño servidor, es por esta razón que se eligió a Devuan GNU/Linux como distribución madre, por ser SÓLIDA como una roca, pero esta característica tiene un precio ya en sus paquetes predeterminados no suelen tener versiones muy actuales, y es ahí donde hacemos uso de nuestras libertades y sumamos paquetes (programas) de otros proyectos de Software Libre para así conseguir un distribución lo más balanceada posible entre SOLIDEZ Y ACTUALIZACIÓN.

Estamos en días de pruebas y si todo sale bien nuestro "kuntur" tomará vuelo el 10 de Abril próximo.

March 29 2019

La ciencia abierta en las ciencias sociales

La ciencia abierta en las ciencias sociales

Organiza el Seminario Permanente de Editores de la #UNAM. El evento se llevará a cabo el 10 de abril a las 10:00 horas en el Instituto de Investigaciones Sociales, Ciudad Universitaria #Mexico #ciencia #cienciaabierta

March 20 2019

February 10 2019

Atenas, para fugarse del sótano del mundo

Atenas, para fugarse del sótano del mundo

A propósito de la última película de César Gonzalez, Atenas.

A modo de respuesta activa frente al ajuste creciente hacia el cine
independiente de ficción y documental emergen nuevas películas que crean
y recrean la producción audiovisual. Como un "cross a la mandíbula" a
los tanques de Hollywood y las carreras al Oscar que por estos días
ocupan las páginas de los suplementos de espectáculos, Atenas, de
César Gonzalez, aparece en las pantallas con un cine propio, rabioso,
urgente y a la vez pensado en todos sus elementos de lenguaje.

Una joven, Perséfones (Débora González), sale de la cárcel pero su
camino no la conduce a la libertad. Salir a la calle, buscar vivienda,
laburo, comida, son laberintos cerrados en una sociedad en donde la
explotación de una clase sobre otra rige todos los aspectos, y si dentro
de esa situación se nace mujer, la opresión se duplica. La solidaridad y
la esperanza vienen desde abajo, en quienes viven las mimas
experiencias. Juana será quien marque este camino junto a otros
personajes que están en la misma y dejan claro que nada se puede esperar
de los sectores del poder, su Estado y sus representantes.

La película destaca un gran trabajo en la caracterización de los
personajes. Los pibes y pibas del barrio conocen de las experiencias de
encierro, violencia policial, desocupación y maltrato, la interpretación
es fresca, transparente alejada de todos los estereotipos y
exageraciones que se ven a diario en series de tv o películas “con
contenido social”. Los personajes que ocupan alguna posición de poder,
sea en el Estado, como pequeños o grandes patrones, y hasta quizá con
alguna idea “progre”, se demuestran también en forma transparente y así
se descubren sus miserias. El trato humano marca esta opresión de clase,
“vos te victimizás” le dice una psicóloga del Patronato a quien es
justamente una víctima; “¡ustedes no saben trabajar!”, acusa un patrón a
los pintores mientras se toma un trago junto a su amigo proxeneta;
“¿podés calmar este bebé?”, pide una madre a la niñera mientras sigue
con sus ejercicios de meditación en el jardín, y así… En esta sociedad
está claro quién da las órdenes. César reflexiona que construyeron estos
personajes “Un poco por el cansancio de la hegemonía de la
representación en el perdón que se le brinda siempre a la
caracterización de los burgueses en el cine… se amaga a ridiculizarlos
pero se los termina complejizando, y para mí esa supuesta complejización
es una muestra de complicidad”; por otro lado, en relación a las clases
populares y las minorías, “allí se ridiculiza más que de lo que se
complejiza, toda minoría es representada con una uniformidad de
sentimientos muy obscena”.

Por eso Perse, de pocas palabras, trasmite con sus gestos, su mirada y
sus silencios; pequeños diálogos cotidianos cuentan mejor que extensos
parlamentos. Como una forma de destacar gestos y rostros, en distintos
momentos se incorpora un recurso narrativo en donde se rompe el raccord,
es decir, durante un diálogo la imagen corta a planos cortos de rostros
en silencio y así se produce un extrañamiento, una forma de develar la
poesía en la realidad.

El recorrido de la película, como lo sugiere el título y el nombre de su
protagonista que remite a la mitología, es el de una tragedia griega.
También hay otra relación, la civilización antigua donde se desarrolló
la filosofía y el arte, la ciencia y la democracia, creció a costa del
trabajo esclavo, con seres humanos considerados como bestias. Y en este
sentido César se pregunta "¿Cuán lejos estamos hoy de eso?". La acción y
las imágenes que construye Atenas interpelan el presente, la
esclavitud moderna como continuación de una historia de siglos.

En el texto que difunde la película se abren una serie de interrogantes.
“¿Es posible fugarse del sótano del mundo? ¿Deja el hombre a la mujer
soñar? ¿No es una pesadilla si además de mujer naciste pobre y recién
salís de la cárcel?”. Porque hay un sistema que conspira contra
cualquier gesto, contra cualquier voluntad, y esto está presente en cada
escena.

La propia realización de la película se transforma entonces en un
desafío a esta realidad. César Gonzalez, que nació en 1989 en la Villa
Carlos Gardel y estuvo 5 años en prisión, se hizo cineasta y construyó
un equipo con muchos de sus amigos y vecinos. Los actores de Atenas
vienen trabajando en las películas anteriores, junto a Diagnóstico
Esperanza
y Qué puede un cuerpo completan su “trilogía villera”, y su
formación aporta nuevas formas creativas. La experiencia artística
colectiva que construyen cuestiona también el mundo del arte y su propio
sistema, forma, contenido y proceso creativo se conjugan para dar la
pelea.

En los títulos finales se agradece especialmente a una serie de
directores, desde Eisenstein, Rossellini, Godard, Vardá, Gleyzer, Birri,
Rouch, Rocha, Mizoguchi, entre otros; cada uno a su manera y en
distintos momentos históricos aportaron con su cine a cuestionar la
imagen dominante y su ideología, a construir nuevos lenguajes, nuevos
mundos imaginarios. El cine nace con el surgimiento del capitalismo que
rápidamente lo convierte en un negocio, pero también nace con el
surgimiento de la revolución social, que desde los primeros años
entusiasma a miles de artistas y está en la base de una tradición
crítica que encuentra ecos y se renueva constantemente. Aunque cada año
se inviertan más millones en productos envasados para el consumo masivo,
no partimos de cero y películas como Atenas se suman para engrosar la
crítica a las ideas dominantes y su construcción de la imagen.

Te puede interesar: César González: "Parto de la rabia para empezar
una nueva
película"

Cultura /
Cine / Cine
argentino

http://www.laizquierdadiario.com/Atenas-para-fugarse-del-sotano-del-mundo

#fit #izquierda #argentina #laizquierdadiario #Cultura #Cine #Cineargentino

February 09 2019

February 06 2019

January 31 2019

January 20 2019

December 24 2018

Avatar https://pod.geraspora.de/camo/4a595cd72d4de726a8602...

Avatar @[Gabriel](/people/aeb5c9c0dab3013535016045cba866e7) 24.12.2018, 17:25:08

61ae8050e9c601366d8f6045cba866e7

via @[alfredo](/people/c9983f2181bd9bc5)

The #Climate #Biz : #Corporations purchasing solar power to serve y...

The #Climate #Biz : #Corporations purchasing solar power to serve your big data

Let me think about it : If you are a clean corporation like MS, why don’t use clean energy for you bizzz?

eyes scroll

With recent deals, #Microsoft said it has met its target to power at least 50 percent of its #data centers with clean #energy by 2018, and the company wants to achieve 60 percent clean energy by early 2020.

https://dia.so/2NX


But...

the real problem is toxic waste!

Solar panels often contain lead, cadmium, and other toxic chemicals that cannot be removed without breaking apart the entire panel. “Approximately 90% of most PV modules are made up of glass,” notes San Jose State environmental studies professor Dustin Mulvaney. “However, this glass often cannot be recycled as float glass due to impurities. Common problematic impurities in glass include plastics, lead, cadmium and antimony.” -> https://dia.so/2NY

#solarpower #ecology #ambient #pollution #life

https://diasp.org/posts/11132237

If Solar Panels Are So Clean, Why Do They Produce So Much Toxic Was...

If Solar Panels Are So Clean, Why Do They Produce So Much Toxic Waste?

Environmental scientists and solar industry leaders are raising the red flag about used solar panels, which contain toxic heavy metals and are considered hazardous waste. With recycling expensive,…

Article word count: 2507

HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=18751049

Posted by vixen99 (karma: 1609)

Post stats: Points: 89 - Comments: 86 - 2018-12-24T08:02:28Z

#HackerNews #are #clean #much #panels #produce #solar #they #toxic #waste #why


Article content:

article image

Bell Labs, 1954. Solar Panel Waste, 2014Bell Labs & PV Cycle

Para la traducción al español, haga [1]clic aquí

The last few years have seen growing concern over what happens to solar panels at the end of their life. Consider the following statements:

 * The problem of solar panel disposal “will explode with full force in two or three decades and wreck the environment” because it “is a huge amount of waste and they are not easy to recycle.”
 * “The reality is that there is a problem now, and it’s only going to get larger, expanding as rapidly as the PV industry expanded 10 years ago.”
 * “Contrary to previous assumptions, pollutants such as lead or carcinogenic cadmium can be almost completely washed out of the fragments of solar modules over a period of several months, for example by rainwater.”

Were these statements made by the right-wing Heritage Foundation? Koch-funded global warming deniers? The editorial board of the Wall Street Journal?

None of the above. Rather, the quotes come from [2]a senior Chinese solar official, [3]a 40-year veteran of the U.S. solar industry, and [4]research scientists with the German Stuttgart Institute for Photovoltaics.

With few environmental journalists willing to report on much of anything other than the good news about renewables, it’s been left to environmental scientists and solar industry leaders to raise the alarm.

“I’ve been working in solar since 1976 and that’s part of my guilt,” the veteran [5]solar developer told Solar Power World last year. “I’ve been involved with millions of solar panels going into the field, and now they’re getting old.”

The Trouble With Solar Waste

The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) in 2016 estimated there was about 250,000 metric tonnes of solar panel waste in the world at the end of that year. [6]IRENA projected that this amount could reach 78 million metric tonnes by 2050.

Solar panels often contain lead, cadmium, and other toxic chemicals that cannot be removed without breaking apart the entire panel. “Approximately 90% of most PV modules are made up of glass,” [7]notes San Jose State environmental studies professor Dustin Mulvaney. “However, this glass often cannot be recycled as float glass due to impurities. Common problematic impurities in glass include plastics, lead, cadmium and antimony.”

Researchers with the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) [8]undertook a study for U.S. solar-owning utilities to plan for end-of-life and concluded that solar panel “disposal in “regular landfills [is] not recommended in case modules break and toxic materials leach into the soil” and so “disposal is potentially a major issue.”

California is in the process of [9]determining how to divert solar panels from landfills, which is where they currently go, at the end of their life.

Californiaʼs Department of Toxic Substances Control (DTSC), which is implementing the new regulations, [10]held a meeting last August with solar and waste industry representatives to discuss how to deal with the issue of solar waste. At the meeting, the representatives from industry and DTSC all acknowledged how difficult it would be to test to determine whether a solar panel being removed would be classified as hazardous waste or not.

The DTSC described building a database where solar panels and their toxicity could be tracked by their model numbers, but itʼs not clear DTSC will do this.

"The theory behind the regulations is to make [disposal] less burdensome," explained Rick Brausch of DTSC. "Putting it as universal waste eliminates the testing requirement."

The fact that cadmium can be washed out of solar modules by rainwater is increasingly a concern for local environmentalists like the Concerned Citizens of Fawn Lake in Virginia, where a [11]6,350 acre solar farm to partly power [12]Microsoft data centers is being proposed.

“We estimate there are 100,000 pounds of cadmium contained in the 1.8 million panels,” Sean Fogarty of the group told me. “Leaching from broken panels damaged during natural events — hail storms, tornadoes, hurricanes, earthquakes, etc. — and at decommissioning is a big concern.”  

There is real-world precedent for this concern. A tornado in 2015 broke 200,000 solar modules at southern California solar farm Desert Sunlight.

"Any modules that were broken into small bits of glass had to be swept from the ground," Mulvaney explained, "so lots of rocks and dirt got mixed in that would not work in recycling plants that are designed to take modules. These were the cadmium-based modules that failed [hazardous] waste tests, so were treated at a [hazardous] waste facility. But about 70 percent of the modules were actually sent to recycling, and the recycled metals are in new panels today."

And when Hurricane Maria hit Puerto Rico last September, the nation’s second largest solar farm, responsible for 40 percent of the island’s solar energy, [13]lost a majority of its panels.

Destroys Solar Farm in Puerto RicoBob Meinetz

Many experts urge mandatory recycling. The main finding promoted by IRENAʼs in its [14]2016 report was that, “If fully injected back into the economy, the value of the recovered material [from used solar panels] could exceed USD 15 billion by 2050.”

But IRENA’s study did not compare the value of recovered material to the cost of new materials and admitted that “Recent studies agree that PV material availability is not a major concern in the near term, but critical materials might impose limitations in the long term.”

They might, but today recycling costs more than the economic value of the materials recovered, which is why most solar panels end up in landfills. “The absence of valuable metals/materials produces economic losses,” [15]wrote a team of scientists in the International Journal of Photoenergy in their study of solar panel recycling last year, and “Results are coherent with the literature.”

Chinese and Japanese experts agree. “If a recycling plant carries out every step by the book,” a Chinese expert told [16]The South China Morning Post, “their products can end up being more expensive than new raw materials.”

Toshiba Environmental Solutions [17]told Nikkei Asian Review last year that,

 Low demand for scrap and the high cost of employing workers to disassemble the aluminum frames and other components will make it difficult to create a profitable business unless recycling companies can charge several times more than the target set by [Japan’s environment ministry].

Can Solar Producers Take Responsibility?

In 2012, First Solar [18]stopped putting a share of its revenues into a fund for long-term waste management. "Customers have the option to use our services when the panels get to the end of life stage," a spokesperson told Solar Power World. “We’ll do the recycling, and they’ll pay the price at that time.”

Or they won’t. “Either it becomes economical or it gets mandated. ” [19]said EPRI’s Cara Libby. “But I’ve heard that it will have to be mandated because it won’t ever be economical.”

Last July, Washington became the first U.S. state to require manufacturers selling solar panels to have a plan to recycle. But the legislature did not require manufacturers to pay a fee for disposal. “Washington-based solar panel manufacturer Itek Energy assisted with the bill’s writing,” [20]noted Solar Power World.

The problem with putting the responsibility for recycling or long-term storage of solar panels on manufacturers, says [21]the insurance actuary Milliman, is that it increases the risk of more financial failures like the kinds that afflicted the solar industry over the last decade.

[A]ny mechanism that finances the cost of recycling PV modules with current revenues is not sustainable. This method raises the possibility of bankruptcy down the road by shifting today’s greater burden of ‘caused’ costs into the future. When growth levels off then PV producers would face rapidly increasing recycling costs as a percentage of revenues.

[22]Since 2016, Sungevity, Beamreach, Verengo Solar, SunEdison, Yingli Green Energy, [23]Solar World, and Suniva have gone bankrupt.

The result of such bankruptcies is that the cost of managing or recycling PV waste will be born by the public. “In the event of company bankruptcies, PV module producers would no longer contribute to the recycling cost of their products,” [24]notes Milliman, “leaving governments to decide how to deal with cleanup.”

Governments of poor and developing nations are often not equipped to deal with an influx of toxic solar waste, experts say. German researchers at the Stuttgart Institute for Photovoltaics [25]warned that poor and developing nations are at higher risk of suffering the consequences.

Maharashtra, India, 2014Dipak Sheelare

 Dangers and hazards of toxins in photovoltaic modules appear particularly large in countries where there are no orderly waste management systems… Especially in less developed countries in the so-called global south, which are particularly predestined for the use of photovoltaics because of the high solar radiation, it seems highly problematic to use modules that contain pollutants.

The attitude of some solar recyclers in China appears to feed this concern. “A sales manager of a solar power recycling company,” the [26]South China Morning News reported, “believes there could be a way to dispose of China’s solar junk, nonetheless.”

“We can sell them to Middle East… Our customers there make it very clear that they don’t want perfect or brand new panels. They just want them cheap… There, there is lots of land to install a large amount of panels to make up for their low performance. Everyone is happy with the result.”

In other words, there are firms that may advertise themselves as "solar panel recyclers" but instead sell panels to a secondary markets in nations with less developed waste disposal systems. In the past, communities living near electronic waste dumps in Ghana, Nigeria, Vietnam, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and India have been [27]primary e-waste destinations.

According to [28]a 2015 United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) report, somewhere between 60 and 90 percent of electronic waste is illegally traded and dumped in poor nations. Writes UNEP:

 [T]housands of tonnes of e-waste are falsely declared as second-hand goods and exported from developed to developing countries, including waste batteries falsely described as plastic or mixed metal scrap, and cathode ray tubes and computer monitors declared as metal scrap.

Unlike other forms of imported e-waste, used solar panels can enter nations legally before eventually entering e-waste streams. [29]As the United Nation Environment Program notes, “loopholes in the current Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) Directives allow the export of e-waste from developed to developing countries (70% of the collected WEEE ends up in unreported and largely unknown destinations).”

A Path Forward on Solar Panel Waste

Perhaps the biggest problem with solar panel waste is that there is so much of it, and thatʼs not going to change any time soon, for a basic physical reason: [30]sunlight is dilute and diffuse and thus require large collectors to capture and convert the sunʼs rays into electricity. Those large surface areas, in turn, require an order of magnitude more in materials — whether todayʼs toxic combination of glass, heavy metals, and rare earth elements, or some new material in the future — than other energy sources.

Solar requires 15x more materials than nuclearEP

All of that waste creates a large quantity of material to track, which in turn requires requires coordinated, overlapping, and different responses at the international, national, state, and local levels.

The local level is where action to dispose of electronic and toxic waste takes place, often under state mandates. In the past, differing state laws have motivated the U.S. Congress to put in place national regulations. Industry often prefers to comply with a single national standard rather than multiple different state standards. And as the problem of the secondary market for solar shows, ultimately there needs to be some kind of international regulation.

The first step is a fee on solar panel purchases to make sure that the cost of safely removing, recycling or storing solar panel waste is internalized into the price of solar panels and not externalized onto future taxpayers. An obvious solution would be to impose a new fee on solar panels that would go into a federal disposal and decommissioning fund. The funds would then, in the future, be dispensed to state and local governments to pay for the removal and recycling or long-term storage of solar panel waste. The advantage of this fund over extended producer responsibility is that it would insure that solar panels are safely decommissioned, recycled, or stored over the long-term, even after solar manufacturers go bankrupt.

Second, the federal government should encourage citizen enforcement of laws to decommission, store, or recycle solar panels so that they do not end up in landfills. Currently, citizens have the right to file lawsuits against government agencies and corporations to force them to abide by various environmental laws, including ones that protect the public from toxic waste. Solar should be no different. Given the decentralized nature of solar energy production, and lack of technical expertise at the local level, it is especially important that the whole society be involved in protecting itself from exposure to dangerous toxins.

“We have a County and State approval process over the next couple months,” Fogarty of Concerned Citizens of Fawn Lake told me, “but it has become clear that local authorities have very little technical breadth to analyze the impacts of such a massive solar power plant.”

Lack of technical expertise can be a problem when solar developers like Sustainable Power Group, or sPower, [31]incorrectly claim that the cadmium in its panels is not water soluble. That claim has been contradicted by the previously-mentioned Stuttgart [32]research scientists who found cadmium from solar panels “can be almost completely washed out...over a period of several months...by rainwater.”

Third, the United Nations Environment Programme’s [33]Global Partnership for Waste Management, as part of its [34]International Environmental Partnership Center,  should more strictly monitor e-waste shipments and encourage nations importing used solar panels into secondary markets to impose a fee to cover the cost of recycling or long-term management. Such a recycling and waste management fund could help nations address their other e-waste problems while supporting the development of a new, high-tech industry in recycling solar panels.

None of this will come quickly, or easily, and some solar industry executives will resist internalizing the cost of safely storing, or recycling,  solar panel waste, perhaps for understandable reasons. They will rightly note that there are other kinds of electronic waste in the world. But it is notable that some new forms of electronic waste, namely smartphones like the iPhone, have in many cases replaced things like stereo systems, GPS devices, and alarm clocks and thus reduced their contribution to the e-waste stream. And no other electronics industry makes being “clean” its main selling point.

Wise solar industry leaders can learn from the past and be proactive in seeking stricter regulation in accordance with growing scientific evidence that solar panels pose a risk of toxic chemical contamination. “If waste issues are not preemptively addressed,” [35]warns Mulvaney, “the industry risks repeating the disastrous environmental mistakes of the electronics industry.”

If the industry responds with foresight, Mulvaney notes, it could end up sparking clean innovation including “developing PV modules without hazardous inputs and recycled rare metals." And thatʼs something everyone can get powered up about.

References

Visible links
1. https://docs.google.com/document/d/e/2PACX-1vQi__sfgZAK5HDD5IDw1mWK560owVAFBrD4tLMb6CE2y-5_vn6245o-ja8C8J8m9ouzeLjj8YHGgtyz/pub
2. http://www.scmp.com/news/china/society/article/2104162/chinas-ageing-solar-panels-are-going-be-big-environmental-problem
3. https://www.solarpowerworldonline.com/2018/04/its-time-to-plan-for-solar-panel-recycling-in-the-united-states/
4. https://www.welt.de/wirtschaft/article176294243/Studie-Umweltrisiken-durch-Schadstoffe-in-Solarmodulen.html
5. https://www.solarpowerworldonline.com/2018/04/its-time-to-plan-for-solar-panel-recycling-in-the-united-states/
6. http://www.irena.org/publications/2016/Jun/End-of-life-management-Solar-Photovoltaic-Panels
7. https://solarindustrymag.com/online/issues/SI1507/FEAT_02_Act-Now-To-Handle-The-Coming-Wave-Of-Toxic-PV-Waste.html
8. https://www.solarpowerinternational.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/N253_9-14-1530.pdf
9. https://www.dtsc.ca.gov/HazardousWaste/PVRegs.cfm
10. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B2bYYpyHJv8&feature=youtu.be
11. http://www.fredericksburg.com/opinion/columns/column-planting-a-mega-solar-farm-in-spotsy-is-a/article_7a0043b3-af15-58a5-80b9-98ece15c95a6.html
12. http://www.richmond.com/business/local/microsoft-says-it-will-buy-power-from-virginia-s-largest/article_a9296399-1bbf-526e-9c42-eb534c9628d0.html
13. http://www.theweatherjunkies.com/single-post/2017/09/28/Puerto-Rican-Solar-Farms-Heavily-Damaged-By-Hurricane-Maria
14. http://www.irena.org/-/media/Files/IRENA/Agency/Publication/2016/IRENA_IEAPVPS_End-of-Life_Solar_PV_Panels_2016.pdf
15. https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijp/2017/4184676/
16. http://www.scmp.com/news/china/society/article/2104162/chinas-ageing-solar-panels-are-going-be-big-environmental-problem
17. https://asia.nikkei.com/Tech-Science/Tech/Japan-tries-to-chip-away-at-mountain-of-disused-solar-panels?page=2
18. https://www.solarpowerworldonline.com/2018/04/its-time-to-plan-for-solar-panel-recycling-in-the-united-states/
19. https://www.solarpowerworldonline.com/2018/04/its-time-to-plan-for-solar-panel-recycling-in-the-united-states/
20. https://www.solarpowerworldonline.com/2018/04/its-time-to-plan-for-solar-panel-recycling-in-the-united-states/
21. http://www.milliman.com/insight/insurance/Solar-cell-guarantees-When-recycling-gets-expensive/
22. https://www.fool.com/investing/2017/04/18/solar-shake-up-why-more-bankruptcies-are-coming-in.aspx
23. https://www.fool.com/investing/2017/05/19/bankruptcies-continue-in-solar-industry.aspx
24. http://www.milliman.com/insight/insurance/Solar-cell-guarantees-When-recycling-gets-expensive/
25. https://www.welt.de/wirtschaft/article176294243/Studie-Umweltrisiken-durch-Schadstoffe-in-Solarmodulen.html
26. http://www.scmp.com/news/china/society/article/2104162/chinas-ageing-solar-panels-are-going-be-big-environmental-problem
27. https://www.unenvironment.org/news-and-stories/press-release/illegally-traded-and-dumped-e-waste-worth-19-billion-annually-poses
28. https://www.unenvironment.org/news-and-stories/press-release/illegally-traded-and-dumped-e-waste-worth-19-billion-annually-poses
29. http://web.unep.org/gpwm/what-we-do/e-waste-management
30. https://www.forbes.com/sites/michaelshellenberger/2018/04/25/yes-solar-and-wind-really-do-increase-electricity-prices-and-for-inherently-physical-reasons/#7e796c9c17e8
31. http://www.fredericksburg.com/news/local/debate-over-solar-farm-heats-up-in-spotsylvania/article_abf2e1fd-9483-5c07-a45a-987a54bee320.html
32. https://www.welt.de/wirtschaft/article176294243/Studie-Umweltrisiken-durch-Schadstoffe-in-Solarmodulen.html
33. http://web.unep.org/gpwm/what-we-do/integrated-solid-waste-management
34. http://web.unep.org/ietc/
35. https://solarindustrymag.com/online/issues/SI1507/FEAT_02_Act-Now-To-Handle-The-Coming-Wave-Of-Toxic-PV-Waste.html

HackerNewsBot debug: Calculated post rank: 88 - Loop: 107 - Rank min: 80 - Author rank: 9

December 23 2018

Mickey becomes public domain? https://i.imgur.com/UssNK4Q_d.jpg?max...

 Mickey becomes public domain?

In 1998 Disney had the copyright law changed to keep Steamboat Willie (Mickey Mouse) from entering the public domain. So no copyrighted works have entered the public domain for 20 years. That ends next year and we will start seeing stuff from 95 years ago, and year by year, more stuff.

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/arts-culture/first-time-20-years-copyrighted-works-enter-public-domain-180971016

#Disney #MickeyMouse #Copyright #PublicDomain #HappyNewYear

Random image from the archives APOD: 2008 March 19 - Mercury in Acc...

Random image from the archives

APOD: 2008 March 19 - Mercury in Accentuated Color

APOD Image

The colors of Mercury are subtle but beautiful. At first glance, our Solar System's innermost planet appears simply black and white, but images that include infrared colors normally beyond human vision accentuate a world of detail. One such image, shown above, was acquired by the robotic MESSENGER spacecraft that swung by Mercury in mid-January. Here, most generally, the hot world itself acquires a slightly more brown hue. Many craters that appear on top of other craters -- and so surely have formed more recently -- appear here as bright with bright rays that include a slightly blue tint, indicating that soil upended during the impact was light in color. A few craters, such as some in the huge Caloris Basin impact feature visible on the upper right, appear unexpectedly to be ringed with a dark material, the nature of which is being researched. MESSENGER continues to glide through the inner Solar System and will pass Mercury again this October and next September, before entering orbit around the desolate world in 2011.

https://apod.nasa.gov/apod/ap080319.html

#astronomy #picture #space #NASA #APOD

December 22 2018

Hoy se conmemoran 21 años de la Matanza de Acteal... Recuerdas que ...

Hoy se conmemoran 21 años de la Matanza de Acteal...
Recuerdas que ocurrio? acá más información https://www.acteal.org/
#Acteal #CNI #NuncaMasUnMexicoSinNosotros

December 21 2018

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